Mahatma Ghandi created the Indian congress party, using peaceful methods of protest and demonstrations called pacifism. He did things such as hunger strikes, to prove his point and gain respect from people. He was a strong believer that Muslims and Hindus could live peacefully amongst one another without the use of violence. Jawaharlal Hehru declared independence for India on January 26th, 1930. Through his hunger strikes, he was able to draw attention to their independence with the rest of the world. Ghandi protested against the British tax on salt, and walked from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi Gujarat to obtain salt. By doing this he gained a lot of respect from many people who became his followers, as well as gaining a lot of support from the media. This event goes down in history as one of the most memorable movements across India and the world. Unforunately, Ghandi was assassinated which was a stepping stone to Nehru becoming Prime Minister.
Outline the steps that brought about the end of the system of apartheid in South Africa in the 1990s?
All-white National party comes to power in 1948, and Apartheid was their main agenda. A doctrine of white supremacy and separate development. Non whites South Africans could no longer mary outside of their own race, nor could they choose where to live, or travel where they liked. The whites made up 15% of the population yet owned 87% of the land, and the non-whites were forced to live on Bantustans, and they were enforced by the army and police force. The strongest resistance to the Aparthied was the African National Congress. Their goal was to create a non-racial democracy. Nelson Mandela became the leader of the African National Congress, however in 1964 he was arrested. In 1993 he won a nobel peace prize and in 1994 was elected as the first black president of South Africa. Every year the united nations fought and opposed it, and in 1963 they even tried to organize economic sanctions against S.A. Finally, in the 1980's they officially declared the apartheid to be a crime against humanity.
What advancements have been made in the United States in terms of the rights for women and African Americans since the 1960s?
Only one country had attained the right to vote in 1900, and by 1975 129 counties were allowed to vote. Although they had attained this right, there were still things that were un fair such as in education and pay. A big change in the 1960's was when women were exposed to, and given the choice to take birth control. This gave them the opportunity to chose weather they wanted, or did not want a family at a certain time. This gave them control, something that they did not have a lot of. This resulted in women being able to work the same hours as men, however they were not receiving the same pay. This was known and the pink collar syndrome. To end discrimination against women, the National organization for women was created and in 1973 a law created against abortion. The advancements made for African Americans was that they were freed from slavery in the 1860's, but there was not complete equality. After the desecration of schools, public housing buses and air terminals came soon after. JFK was unfortunately assassinated before the civil rights bill was passed, however Johnson was able to pass it allowing the government to stop funding any discriminatory programs.